The final battle of the Jacobite Rising against the British Government was fought on Culloden Battlefield in 1746. It was a decisive victory for William Augustus’s Loyalist troops over Charles Stewart’s primarily Scottish Jacobian forces. It is estimated that 1500-2000 Jacobites died versus only 50-300 Government soldiers. It was the last pitched battle (both sides agree where to lineup and fight one another) in Britain, the last use of the Highland Charge (running downhill through musket fire while screaming in Gaelic), and lasted only an hour. The Culloden battle and subsequent crackdown attempt to further integrate the unruly Scottish highlands into the kingdom of Great Britain earned William Augustus the resentful nickname “Butcher”.